Romans: Death in Adam \\ Life in Christ

Sermon & Small Group Resources

This is the ninth sermon in our Romans series looking at the first eight chapters of the book. Preacher: The Rev’d David Browne. Bible Reading: Romans 5:12-21. 

Download the Small Group Questions, Going Deeper, and Sermon Transcript (PDF).

Next Steps this Week


Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—

To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law. Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.

But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many! Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

The law was brought in so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more, so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


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WARM-UP Questions

  1. What are some good things you have inherited from your parents?

  2. What are some things you’d like to pass on to future generations?

READ Romans 5:12-14

  1. What is the significance of the ‘Therefore’ in the beginning of v.12?

  2. What is the relationship between death and sin described in v.12?

  3. In v.13 Paul branches off into a clarification; where does his argument resume? What is he trying to clarify in vv.13-14?

  4. What can you say when someone asks you: “Is it fair to condemn the whole world just because Adam disobeyed?”

  5. How do you see death reigning in our world today? How can we resist death’s reign today?

READ Romans 5:15-19

  1. How does this passage compare the gift and the trespass? What are the characteristics of each?

  2. The concept of federal headship is ‘observation that as humans we often stand behind and are united with other people by one person’. Who are the two ‘federal heads’ being contrasted here?

  3. Why does Paul say in v.16 that the gift cannot be compared with the trespass?

  4. Verses 18-19 is a discussion around the obedience of Adam and Jesus. How is Jesus’ obedience to God a good thing for us?

  5. How can Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection have any impact on us today?

READ Romans 5:20-21

  1. What do you think Paul means when he writes, “The law was brought in so that the trespass might increase”?

  2. At what point in history did sin and death meet its match? How can you share this with you neighbours?

  3. How would you define the word ‘grace’ for someone who had never heard of her (pun intended) before?

  4. It’s easy to think that being a Christian is a small personal matter. How do these verses challenge this?

  5. How does life reign in Christ? Where do you see this happening around you? Where do you see life reigning at St Bart’s?

APPLY (this week): How can you embrace the life found ‘in Christ’ to the fullest this week?


Loving Lord Jesus, we thank you that while we were still sinners you died for us. Thank you that through you; life reigns. Holy Spirit please help us to treasure and revel in the reign of Christ and share its goodness with others. Amen!