Acts: The Day of the Lord

Sermon & Small Group Resources

This is the second sermon in our series on the book of Acts on “The Day of the Lord”. Preacher: Michael Calder. Bible Reading: Acts 2:1-39.

Download the Small Group Questions, Going Deeper, and Sermon Transcript (PDF).

Next Steps this Week

BIBLE READING: Acts 2:1-39

When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.

Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard their own language being spoken. Utterly amazed, they asked: “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans? Then how is it that each of us hears them in our native language? Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?”

   Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.”

   Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say. 15 These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It’s only nine in the morning! 16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

   “ ‘In the last days, God says,

I will pour out my Spirit on all people.

Your sons and daughters will prophesy,

your young men will see visions,

your old men will dream dreams.

Even on my servants, both men and women,

I will pour out my Spirit in those days,

and they will prophesy.

I will show wonders in the heavens above

and signs on the earth below,

blood and fire and billows of smoke.

The sun will be turned to darkness

and the moon to blood

before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.

And everyone who calls

on the name of the Lord will be saved.’

“Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. This man was handed over to you by God’s deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross. But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. David said about him:

“ ‘I saw the Lord always before me.

Because he is at my right hand,

I will not be shaken.

Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices;

my body also will rest in hope,

because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead,

you will not let your holy one see decay.

You have made known to me the paths of life;

you will fill me with joy in your presence.’

“Fellow Israelites, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay. God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it. Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear. For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said,

“ ‘The Lord said to my Lord:

“Sit at my right hand

until I make your enemies

a footstool for your feet.” ’

   “Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Messiah.”

   When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”

   Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.”


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CONNECT: What is one opportunity for you to connect with or pray for your ‘one key person’ who you are hoping becomes a Christian?

WARM-UP Questions

  1. What sort of things empower and inspire you (e.g., coffee, encouragement, Jane Austen novels etc.)? As Christians, what is the true source of our power?

READ Acts 2:1-21

  1. Why were the disciples all gathered together? In your own words describe what happens next…

  2. What is the significance of the Holy Spirit enabling people to understand each other’s languages (see Genesis 11:1-9, Joel 2:28-32)? What do we learn about the coming of the Holy Spirit here?

  3. In verse 12, what did some of the onlookers assume what was happening? Why do you think that they could have thought that? Why was that clearly not the case?

  4. What is meant by verse 21? Is that still relevant today?

  5. How does the Holy Spirit help equip and enable us to share the Good News on our front lines?

READ Acts 2:22-39

  1. How did Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection fulfil biblical prophecy? What does this passage claim that Jesus’ miracles pointed to? 

  2. What does v.23 tell us about God the Father’s and Jesus’ (God the Son) roles in the crucifixion? 

  3. Why is it important that we understand that King Jesus is superior to King David? 

  4. How does Peter convey the wonderful news of Jesus’ crucifixion, resurrection, ascension, and exaltation as Lord and Messiah? What would happen if one of these aspects of Jesus’ life never happened? 

  5. Before Jesus’ crucifixion Peter denied Jesus three times. Where does his confidence now come from?

  6. What can we learn from Peter’s proclamation of the Gospel in v.36? Was he trying to please people?

  7. How do the people respond to Peter’s preaching? What is repentance? What is baptism?

  8. If we are Christians, how can we be confident that we have received the gift of the Holy Spirit?

APPLY This Week: How can you rely more on the Holy Spirit as you seek to share the Gospel with your ‘one key’ person this week?


Heavenly Father, thank you for the gift of the Holy Spirit and the reminder that we cannot make disciples on our own. Please equip, inspire, and guide us as we commit to discipling others. Amen!


On Your Frontline This Week: What weekly opportunities do you have to build relationship and share the Good News with the person you are praying for?

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Other Helpful Articles and Courses

  • ‘Lesson 4-4: The Meaning of Pentecost, The Sermon that Launched the Church, The Call of the Sovereign God’ by Stephen J. Cole